Healthy and beautiful hair is not only beautiful for a woman, but also for a man. Hair loss is always stressful for men. The causes of male pattern baldness can be different. Hair loss in men can be due to external factors as well as androgenetic, regardless of age. The most common type of male pattern baldness — Gradual hair loss on the head that comes with age. In short, the older you get, the less hair you have. Other causes of male pattern baldness are stress, unhealthy diet, bad habits and of course genetic predisposition, which can manifest itself unexpectedly at any time or just never at all. In modern times, the problem of early male pattern baldness is widespread, when at 20-25 years of age a man begins to lose his hair.
The cause of this problem is most often caused by hormonal changes in the young body that occur during puberty. Faced with the problem of early male pattern baldness men often get self-conscious, use the wrong methods that often do more harm than good and as a result lose even more hair. However, the problem can be defeated, but you can not fight early male pattern baldness on your own. Self-treatment can lead to complete hair loss. There are on average about 100,000 hair follicles on the scalp. Over the course of a lifetime, 20 hairs may grow from each follicle – 30 hair. As a rule, 70% of the hair of the scalp is in the growth stage and 10% – during the resting phase. As a person ages, there is only a slight decrease in the density of hair follicles, but there is a tendency for hair growth to decrease, and the hair itself becomes shorter.
Usually, hair growth occurs in a cyclic pattern: the growth stage is followed by the – Anagen (can last from 3 to 7 years, hair growth rate – up to 1 cm per month) is followed by a short transitional stage – Catagen, followed by a resting stage – The telogen, when hair stops growing and falls out. At the end of the telogen phase, during which the hair can fall out spontaneously or with light effort (the duration of the phase is on average 3 months), new hair growth begins in the follicle. Beard and scalp hair have a short telogen stage. Eyelashes, eyebrows, axillary and pubic hair have a longer telogen.
The most common type of alopecia in men – The so-called androgenic alopecia, in which a gradual, slowly progressing thinning and loss of hair at the crown is observed. Under the influence of excessive male sex hormones, severe dark hair is gradually replaced by a thin and virtually imperceptible down, which over time, too, also disappears. As a rule, androgenic hair loss in men is irreversible and most susceptible to it in members of the Caucasoid race, while Mongoloid and Negroid heads are practically unaffected.
As a pronounced cosmetic disadvantage, alopecia often leads to psycho-emotional discomfort that reduces quality of life, and causes both social problems due to restrictions in occupational choice, employment and social prospects, and economic problems due to the length of treatment and its high cost.
Daily hair loss (up to 100), evenly distributed over the entire surface of the scalp, is a normal physiological process. However, under the influence of various external and internal factors, the synchronism of hair cycles is disturbed and excessive hair loss (up to 1000 hairs a day) occurs, which leads to alopecia (Olsen E. A. 2001). Exposure to environmental triggers alone is not enough to disrupt the biological rhythm of hair growth — Certain genetic characteristics of the body are necessary.
External factors that provoke hair loss in men:
1. Uncomfortable, too tight or out-of-weather headwear worn for a long time. In this case, hair loss comes from constriction of the vessels of the scalp and insufficient blood flow to the hair follicles, as well as from constant friction.
2. Trauma to the head, leaving scars, burns, as well as various infections that cause scarring of the covering tissues.
3.Inadequate or no hair and scalp care.
4. Aggressive environmental exposures – To high or low temperatures, radiation, chemical damage.
Internal causes of early hair loss in men:
1. Genetic predisposition.
2.Painful conditions of the sebaceous glands of the scalp (seborrhea).
3. Intoxication, long-term medication.
4. Severe nervous tension, stress, psychological trauma, all kinds of nervous system disorders.
5. Heavy operations and the rehabilitation period after them.
6. Improper, incomplete nutrition, which leads to a deficiency of substances responsible for healthy hair – vitamins A, B, E and D and micronutrients, including iron, sulfur, zinc, selenium. Also, sudden uncontrolled weight loss can trigger the process of premature alopecia.
7. Disorders of the digestive system.
8. Work at a harmful production site, radioactive irradiation
9. Carried or suffered a severe infectious disease
10. Skin diseases – Psoriasis, mycosis, furunculosis, dermatitis.
Although, according to specialists, trichologists, hair loss in men – Irreversible process, but in the early stages of the disease is quite treatable, the effectiveness of which depends directly on the stage at which the development of premature baldness man thought about the problem and turned to a professional.
If someone complains of hair loss, a diagnostic program is traditionally prescribed to detect pathology from the thyroid gland, CNS, ovarian and adrenal glands, liver, immune system, etc. д. In order to find the real reason for the hair loss. Often treatment begins with external therapy, which is the application of lotions, balms, masks, gels on the scalp, drugs containing alcohol, tincture of red pepper, ether, prescribes electrophoresis of biologically active substances. For intake, doctors recommend vitamins C, PP, A, in the form of injections — Vitamin B6, B1, B12. Long-term intake of zinc is recommended (multivitamin complexes, biologically active additives, the composition of which is specially selected for hair treatment). All of these methods are well known to practicing dermatologists and cosmetologists, but we would like to focus on more modern remedies for hair loss.